“The disciples viewed Jesus as the “one mediator between God and men,” not as God himself. (I Timothy 2:5) Since by definition a mediator is someone separate from those who need mediation, it would be a contradiction for Jesus to be one entity with either of the parties he is trying to reconcile.”
I just want to point out the faulty logic here. If Jesus Christ were not God, but merely an angelic being, as claimed by the publication I was reading, He could have fulfilled the role of mediator already, in accordance with the given definition. An angel is neither God nor man.
However, because Jesus Christ was (and is) already divine, He had to become man in order to fulfill the mediator requirement. If He had become 100% human without remaining 100% God, his humanity would have created a conflict of interest, making Him ineligible to mediate. In the special case of Jesus Christ, we have to alter the modern definition of mediator. In other words, rather than belonging to neither party, He had to be fully vested in each party in order to be an impartial mediator.
Now I’m going to give you a couple of strange, seemingly unrelated verses to consider: “And God said, Let the earth bring forth vegetation, the plants yielding seed, and the fruit tree yielding fruit after its kind, whose seed is in itself, upon the earth: and it was so.” Genesis 1:11
“Can the fig tree, my brethren, bear olive berries? either a vine, figs? so can no fountain both yield salt water and fresh.” James 3:12
To tie these verses to the topic at hand – have you ever had a baby? Or have you ever watched an animal give birth? Were you, at any moment, afraid that your baby may turn out to be something other than human, or that your dog might produce a kitten instead of a puppy? No?
Does it follow that God would beget a human? Jesus Christ was human because He had Mary’s blood running through His veins. But He was begotten of the Father, and that makes Him God.
Consider Isaiah 53:1-5: “Who hath believed our report? and to whom is the arm of the Lord revealed?
2 For he shall grow up before him as a tender plant, and as a root out of a dry ground: he hath no form nor comeliness; and when we shall see him, there is no beauty that we should desire him.
3 He is despised and rejected of men; a man of sorrows, and acquainted with grief: and we hid as it were our faces from him; he was despised, and we esteemed him not.
4 Surely he hath borne our griefs, and carried our sorrows: yet we did esteem him stricken, smitten of God, and afflicted.
5 But he was wounded for our transgressions, he was bruised for our iniquities: the chastisement of our peace was upon him; and with his stripes we are healed.”
Who is the arm of Yahweh? It is obvious in this passage that it is Christ Himself. What is the arm of Yahweh but the extension of Yahweh?
This verse in Exodus 6:6 is describing the Hebrew flight from the Egyptians, but we know that the entire exodus history points to Christ. Have a look at this verse: “Wherefore say unto the children of Israel, I am the LORD, and I will bring you out from under the burdens of the Egyptians, and I will rid you out of their bondage, and I will redeem you with a stretched out arm, and with great judgments:”
The example of the kinsman-redeemer is another proof of Jesus’ divinity (and humanity). In Hebrew, there is no distinction between the word for kinsman and the word for redeemer. Your kinsman is your redeemer is your kinsman. Here is the basis for our understanding of what a kinsman-redeemer is: “If thy brother be waxen poor, and hath sold away some of his possession, and if any of his kin come to redeem it, then shall he redeem that which his brother sold.” Leviticus 25:25.
Now read the book of Ruth. It is only 4 chapters long and one of my favorite examples of redemption. Jesus Christ is our redeemer. I believe that is pretty much undisputed by all who believe in Him. He bought us with His own blood. In order to qualify as our redeemer, however, He also had to be our next of kin – that is: human. But this proves His humanity, you say, not His deity. Well, look at these verses.
Who is the Redeemer?
God the Father: “Thus saith the LORD, thy redeemer, and he that formed thee from the womb, I am the LORD that maketh all things; that stretcheth forth the heavens alone; that spreadeth abroad the earth by myself;” Isaiah 44:24
God the Son: “And the Redeemer shall come to Zion, and unto them that turn from transgression in Jacob, saith the LORD.” Isaiah 59:20
Ah, read Romans 11, and see if you find it as amazing and revealing as I do. It quotes Isaiah 59:20 and points us to the salvation of the Gentiles and the believing Jews.
God the Son: “For He rescued us from the domain of darkness, and transferred us to the kingdom of His beloved Son, in whom we have redemption, the forgiveness of sins.” Colossians 1:13-14
God the Father and God the Son: “Blessed be the Lord God of Israel; for he hath visited and redeemed his people, And hath raised up an horn of salvation for us in the house of his servant David;” Luke 1:68-69
God the Son: “Christ redeemed us from the curse of the Law, having become a curse for us–for it is written, “CURSED IS EVERYONE WHO HANGS ON A TREE”– in order that in Christ Jesus the blessing of Abraham might come to the Gentiles, so that we would receive the promise of the Spirit through faith.” Galatians 3:13-14
God the Son: “But when the fullness of the time came, God sent forth His Son, born of a woman, born under the Law, so that He might redeem those who were under the Law, that we might receive the adoption as sons.” Galatians 4:4-5
God the Father and God the Son: “Fear not; for thou shalt not be ashamed: neither be thou confounded; for thou shalt not be put to shame: for thou shalt forget the shame of thy youth, and shalt not remember the reproach of thy widowhood any more. For thy Maker is thine husband; the LORD of hosts is his name; and thy Redeemer the Holy One of Israel; The God of the whole earth shall he be called.” Isaiah 54:4-5 (I expound on this idea in my article, Can God Break His Own Law?)
God the Father: “And they remembered that God was their rock, and the high God their redeemer.” Psalm 78:35
(Who is the rock?)
God the Father: see the above verse
God the Father: “He is the Rock, his work is perfect: for all his ways are judgment: a God of truth and without iniquity, just and right is he.” Deuteronomy 32:4
God the Son: “And did all drink the same spiritual drink: for they drank of that spiritual Rock that followed them: and that Rock was Christ.” I Corinthians 10:4
God the Son: “Therefore thus saith the Lord GOD, Behold, I lay in Zion for a foundation a stone, a tried stone, a precious corner stone, a sure foundation: he that believeth shall not make haste.” Isaiah 28:16
God the Father (Also notice that the rock and the redeemer are one and the same): “Let the words of my mouth and the meditation of my heart be acceptable in your sight, O LORD, my rock and my redeemer.” Psalm 19:14 (ESV because the word “strength” in the KJV is actually “rock” in Hebrew.) Also Psalm 78:35, quoted above.
Okay, I’m done. I could hang out all day long and quote many, many more verses about the rock, the redeemer, and the outstretched arm. If you want to know if God the Father is our Redeemer AND our Rock, please read the whole Bible. I obviously cannot quote the entire thing in one post. If you want to know if God the Son is our Redeemer AND our Rock, please read the whole Bible.
Side-note: This is just another reason among many why the Jewish nation should have realized that the Messiah and God are one and the same. They have access to all of the same OT scriptures that we do.